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Zhongshun Temple

Gueiren Village was the home of the Siraya tribe, and the name of Gueiren Village was called Shenei. The tribe migrated from Tayou and during the Dutch colonization. After King Zheng Chenggong of Yenping came to Taiwan, Chen Bo-yuan (1629-1713), a native of Chouwei in Haicheng, and Li Can, a native of Ciyaobao, Beixi, Longxi County, began developing the district. In the late year of Emperor Yongli of the Ming dynasty, Zheng Jing ordered Chen Yong-hua to teach local troops and civilians to make bricks and tiles, run markets and build temples. Chen and Li were tile makers and took their clans in Zhangzhou to Taiwan. They built tile workshops and trained apprentices in ShuiJuiqian, Jioushebei, Kanzijiao, Yaogosi and Wancuo. People from different parts of Tainan bought tiles from them, many local tile-roofed houses became famous buildings across Taiwan and the place was thus called Hongwacuo (literally red tile-roofed house).
Chen Cing, a transportation officer of the King of Yenping, was the nephew of Li. As King Zheng Jing stayed in Haicheng, Xiamen, to lead troops to resist the Ching dynasty and Chen Cing had nothing to do, Chen Yong-hua asked him to transport bricks and titles to Tainan. Seven brothers thus moved to southern Taiwan from Daxuezhuang in Baoda Village, with the fourth brother settling down in Gueiren. His descendents still live there. All other clans in the district were later immigrants. During the Japanese colonization, the Japanese established the town office, market, light station, schools, public hospital, and police station in the district to turn the place into a town. Before 1961, Gueiren was the CBD of Xinfeng District. For his merit in cultivating Zhangzhou and appeasing southern Fujian, Chen Yuan-guang, the founder of the Chens, earned the title the King of Zhangzhou in the Tang dynasty, and Chen Yong the King of Zhongshun.
Treating King Zhongshun as a deity, earlier people of southern Fujian brought his tablet to Taiwan. At the beginning, the ritual hosted him and entertained him with folk opera in front of the host’s residence every February 16, his birthday. Meanwhile, they also selected the next ritual host by drawing moon blocks (a kind of divination). The selected ritual host must bring the statue of King Zhongshun home within two months and worship him at home in the following year. On the 16th day of each month in the lunar calendar, believers prepared traditional offerings to reward troops from the five camps in front of the ritual host’s residence. After practicing this ceremony for 350 years, King Zhongshun became the main deity of the village. As the number of believers increased, people proposed to build a temple for King Zhongshun every year, but the temple location problem remained unsolved. Eventually in February 1996, locals decided to build a temple for King Zhongshun and asked for the king’s instruction for site selection.
Address: No. 15-1, Heping 2nd Street, Gueiren Village, Gueiren District, Tainan City.
(Source: National Religion Information Network, Ministry of the Interior)